Combo box

A combo box helps users select an item from a large list of options.

<label class="usa-label" for="fruit">Select a fruit</label>
<div class="usa-combo-box">
  <select class="usa-select" name="fruit" id="fruit">
    <option value>Select a fruit</option>
    <option value="apple">Apple</option>
    <option value="apricot">Apricot</option>
    <option value="avocado">Avocado</option>
    <option value="banana">Banana</option>
    <option value="blackberry">Blackberry</option>
    <option value="blood orange">Blood orange</option>
    <option value="blueberry">Blueberry</option>
    <option value="boysenberry">Boysenberry</option>
    <option value="breadfruit">Breadfruit</option>
    <option value="buddhas hand citron">Buddha's hand citron</option>
    <option value="cantaloupe">Cantaloupe</option>
    <option value="clementine">Clementine</option>
    <option value="crab apple">Crab apple</option>
    <option value="currant">Currant</option>
    <option value="cherry">Cherry</option>
    <option value="custard apple">Custard apple</option>
    <option value="coconut">Coconut</option>
    <option value="cranberry">Cranberry</option>
    <option value="date">Date</option>
    <option value="dragonfruit">Dragonfruit</option>
    <option value="durian">Durian</option>
    <option value="elderberry">Elderberry</option>
    <option value="fig">Fig</option>
    <option value="gooseberry">Gooseberry</option>
    <option value="grape">Grape</option>
    <option value="grapefruit">Grapefruit</option>
    <option value="guava">Guava</option>
    <option value="honeydew melon">Honeydew melon</option>
    <option value="jackfruit">Jackfruit</option>
    <option value="kiwifruit">Kiwifruit</option>
    <option value="kumquat">Kumquat</option>
    <option value="lemon">Lemon</option>
    <option value="lime">Lime</option>
    <option value="lychee">Lychee</option>
    <option value="mandarine">Mandarine</option>
    <option value="mango">Mango</option>
    <option value="mangosteen">Mangosteen</option>
    <option value="marionberry">Marionberry</option>
    <option value="nectarine">Nectarine</option>
    <option value="orange">Orange</option>
    <option value="papaya">Papaya</option>
    <option value="passionfruit">Passionfruit</option>
    <option value="peach">Peach</option>
    <option value="pear">Pear</option>
    <option value="persimmon">Persimmon</option>
    <option value="plantain">Plantain</option>
    <option value="plum">Plum</option>
    <option value="pineapple">Pineapple</option>
    <option value="pluot">Pluot</option>
    <option value="pomegranate">Pomegranate</option>
    <option value="pomelo">Pomelo</option>
    <option value="quince">Quince</option>
    <option value="raspberry">Raspberry</option>
    <option value="rambutan">Rambutan</option>
    <option value="soursop">Soursop</option>
    <option value="starfruit">Starfruit</option>
    <option value="strawberry">Strawberry</option>
    <option value="tamarind">Tamarind</option>
    <option value="tangelo">Tangelo</option>
    <option value="tangerine">Tangerine</option>
    <option value="ugli fruit">Ugli fruit</option>
    <option value="watermelon">Watermelon</option>
    <option value="white currant">White currant</option>
    <option value="yuzu">Yuzu</option>


When to use the combo box component

  • More than 15 options. Use a combo box when there are more than 15 choices in a drop-down list. With so many options, users may find it difficult to navigate with scrolling only.
  • Limited space. Use a combo box for presenting options when screen real estate is limited.

When to consider something else

  • Limited choices. When the number of options is small, you can continue to use a select or radio element.

Usability guidance

  • Use option strings familiar to users. The combo box filters by matching strings. Include option text that includes familiar strings or spellings (i.e., if using the combobox with a state list, include the postal abbreviation in the option text: District of Columbia (DC)).
  • Make sure to test. Test select menus thoroughly with members of your target audience. Several usability experts suggest they should be the “UI of last resort.” Many users find them confusing and difficult to use.
  • Avoid dependent options. Avoid making options in one select menu change based on the input to another. Users often don’t understand how choosing an item in one impacts another
  • Use a good default. When most users will (or should) pick a particular option, make it the default: <option selected="selected">Default</option>.
  • Avoid auto-submission. Don’t use JavaScript to automatically submit the form (or do anything else) when an option is selected. Offer a “submit” button at the end of the form instead. Users often change their choices multiple times. Auto-submission is also less accessible.


  • Customize form controls accessibly. If you customize this component, ensure that it continues to meet the accessibility requirements that apply to all form controls.
  • Always use a label. Make sure your select element has a label. Don’t replace it with the default menu option (for example, removing the “State” label and just having the menu read “Select a state” by default).
  • Avoid auto-submission. Don’t use JavaScript to automatically submit the form (or do anything else) when an option is selected. Auto-submission disrupts screen readers because they select each option as they read them.

Using the combo box component

  • Properties. The following properties modify component functionality. These properties can be set or adjusted at any time before or after initialization in order to have an effect.

    Property Element Description



    The combo box will use this regular expression to filter the combo box options. You are declaring a case insensitive match over the entire option text, which means ^ and $ are added automatically. You can specify the inputted query with {{query}}. You can also declare a custom query filter as a data property as well, which can be used in the custom filter (data-number-filter="[0-9]" and then using data-filter="{{numberFilter}}.*"). The default filter is .*{{query}}.*, which is a simple “find anywhere within the option” text.

  • Initialization properties. The following properties update the component during initialization. These properties must be set before the component is initialized in order to have an effect.

    Property Element Description



    The combo box component will be required in terms of native form validation.



    The combo box component will be disabled / read-only. You can re-enable it by executing the enable procedure on the component.



    To update the placeholder text of the combo box, use the data-placeholder attribute. We recommend using a label or hint instead of a placeholder.



    The combo box will set this value as the default selection if it is found within the select options.

  • Procedures. The following static procedures update the component after initialization. These are in addition to the primary methods referenced in the JS customization documentation.

    Procedure Parameters Description



    The combo box component will be enabled.



    The combo box component will be disabled / read-only.

Combo box settings

This component has no settings.

Combo box variants

This component has no variants.


  • Package usage: @forward "usa-combo-box";
  • Dependencies: usa-select, usa-icon